With vinyl records making a powerful comeback, we take the time to follow the journey of this media format, now seemingly reborn for younger generations. From Edison and RCA, right through to recently released figures, a musical timeline.
1877 – Thomas Edison creates first phonograph to record and play sound.
1881 – Charles Tainter makes first lateral-cut records.
1888 – Emile Berliner invents gramophone to play 7- inch discs.
1906 – The Victor Talking Machine Company introduces ‘Victrola’,an upright playing machine.
1921 – Popularity of radio causes a dip in record sales.
1921 – Independent record companies can now make their own lateral cut records.
1930 – Bing Crosby releases ‘I Remember Dear’.
1939 – Magnetic tape to record sound is invented.
1940 – Vinyl is now used to make records, not shellac.
1951 – The first jukebox playing 7-inch 45 rpm records.
1963 – The first compact audio cassette.
1975 – The scratch is invented.
1980s– 12- inch disco records contribute to the rise of House
1982- The first digital CD discs are marketed.
1988 – For the first time, CDs outsell records. CDs and cassettes become dominant musical formats.
2001 – The turntable is formally recognised as an instrument.
It is now 2016 – The Entertainment Retailers Association (ERA) releases figures showing vinyl sales earned the record industry £2.4m in week 48 of 2016 with downloads only producing £2.1m.
With vinyl beating out downloads for the first time ever this year, could it be that this magical music format is here to stay? For more information about vinyl, please see the frequently asked questions page linked below.
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