‘‘The effects are numerous, high methane emissions, earthquakes, pollution/disturbance to local communities and the major issue – polluting the water we depend on as 100% of wells fail eventually and once polluted it cannot be cleaned.’’
High Methane Emissions:
- Independent studies have concluded that natural gas leaks of methane during the process of fracking, have potentially contributed to global emissions.
- Greg Clark MP for The Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy said: ‘’Every scenario proposed by the Committee on Climate Change to meet our legally binding carbon reduction commitments includes demand for natural gas.’’
- Fracking can often increase pressure on nearby fault zones (fractures in the ground that occur when the Earth’s tectonic plates move). This can cause tremors or seismic activity.
- The Oil and Gas Authority said: ‘’Operators are required to identify and assess the locations of existing faults to prevent hydraulic fracturing from taking place near them.’’
3. Air Pollution:
- Leaks and the industrial process itself, including the running of machinery, have been noted as having an impact on air quality.
- The Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy said: ‘’The chemicals that will be used in the UK are non-toxic and won’t harm the environment.’’
4. Disturbance in local communities:
- Several studies conclude that fracking produces noise levels high enough to damage the health of those living locally.
- The Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy said: ‘’The planning process considers and regulates noise impacts on local people and authorities can impose restrictions.’’
5. Water Pollution:
- Due to the use of a fluid that contains chemicals, there is potential for the process to contaminate drinking water or the surrounding environment, which could also affect wildlife.
- The Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy said: ‘’The Environment Agency will not permit any activity where there is a risk of contamination of our water supplies.’’